Reptiles

  • English Name: Gharial
  • Common Name: Gharial
  • Scientific Name: Gavialis gangeticus.
  • Distribution:The gharial once thrived in all the major river systems of the northern Indian subcontinent, the Ganges in India, from the Indus River in Pakistan, and its Punjabi tributaries
  • General Description :
    also known as the gavial or the fish-eating crocodile is a crocodilian in the family Gavialidae and among the longest of all living crocodilians. They have a distinct boss at the end of the snout, which resembles an earthenware pot known as a ghara, hence the name “gharial”. The gharial is well adapted to catching fish because of its long, thin snout and 110 sharp, interlocking teeth..
  • Size: Mature females are 2.6–4.5 m (8 ft 6 in–14 ft 9 in) long, and males 3–6 m (9 ft 10 in–19 ft 8 in).
    Food in Zoo:
  • Weight:Adult males weigh about 160 kg (350 lb) on average.
  • Food in Zoo: Fish
  • Sexual Maturity: 15 to 18 years of age.
  • Incubation Period: 71 to 93 days.
  • Average Life Span: 60 years.
  • Conservation Status: It has been listed as critically endangered on the IUCN Red List since 2007.
  • Reason: Loss of habitat because of sand mining and conversion to agriculture, depletion of fish resources and detrimental fishing methods continue to threaten the population.

  • English Name: Mugger crocodile
  • Common Name: Mugger crocodile
  • Scientific Name: Crocodylus palustris.
  • Distribution:The mugger crocodile occurs in southern Iran, Pakistan, Nepal, India and Sri Lanka, but is probably extinct in Bangladesh. In Iran, the mugger occurs along rivers in Sistan and Baluchestan Provinces along the Iran–Pakistan border. On the Iranian Makran coast near Chabahar lives a population of around 200 mugger crocodiles.
  • General Description :
    also called marsh crocodile, broad-snouted crocodile and mugger, is a crocodilian native to freshwater habitats from southern Iran to the Indian subcontinent.
  • Size: : length of around 1.8–2.2 m (5.9–7.2 ft) at the age of about 6.5 years, and males at around 2.6 m (8 ft 6 in) body length.
  • Weight: 40- 200 kg.
  • Food in Zoo: Buffalo beaf.
  • Sexual Maturity: Female around 6 years old, and male around 10 years old.
  • Incubation Period: 80 days.
  • Average Life Span: 60 years.
  • Conservation Status: has been listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List since 1982
  • Reason: Due to human activity and a long drought in the late 1990s and early 2000s, it had been pushed to the brink of extinction.

  • English Name: Python
  • Common Name: Python
  • Scientific Name: Python molurus..
  • Distribution:Pythons are found in sub-Saharan Africa, Nepal, India, Sri Lanka, Burma, southern China, Southeast Asia, and from the Philippines southeast through Indonesia to New Guinea and Australia.
  • General Description :
    Native to the jungles and grassy marshes of Southeast Asia, Burmese pythons are among the largest snakes on Earth. The Pythonidae, commonly known as pythons, are a family of nonvenomous snakes found in Africa, Asia, and Australia. Among its members are some of the largest snakes in the world.
  • Size: They are capable of reaching 23 feet or more in length.
  • Weight: They commonly weigh 25 to 35 kg (55 to 77 lb), though large specimens can weigh 40 to 55 kg (88 to 121 lb) or even more.
  • Food in Zoo: Rats and Poultry Birds.
  • Sexual Maturity: 26 to 30 months.
  • Incubation Period: 60 to 90 days.
  • Average Life Span: 30 years.
  • Conservation Status: The IUCN has recently listed the Burmese python as “vulnerable”, reflecting its overall population decline.
  • Reason: Important reasons for the decline are trade for skins and for food

  • English Name: Russels Viper
  • Common Name: Russels Viper
  • Scientific Name: Daboia russeli.
  • Distribution:: Russell’s vipers are found in India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, Myanmar, Thailand, Pakistan, Cambodia, Tibet, China (Guangxi, Guangdong), Taiwan and Indonesia (Endeh, Flores, east Java, Komodo, and Lomblen Islands).
  • General Description :
    The head is flattened, triangular, and distinct from the neck. The snout is blunt, rounded, and raised. The nostrils are large, The crown of the head is covered with irregular, strongly fragmented scales. The supraocular scales are narrow, single, and separated by six to nine scales across the head. The eyes are large, flecked with yellow or gold, and surrounded by 10–15 circumorbital scales. The snake has 10–12 supralabials, the fourth and fifth of which are significantly larger. The eye is separated from the supralabials by three or four rows of suboculars. Of the two pairs of chin shields, the front pair is notably enlarged. The body is stout, the cross-section of which is rounded to circular. The dorsal scales are strongly keeled; only the lowest row is smooth. Mid-body, the dorsal scales number 27–33. The ventral scales number 153–180.
  • Size: can grow to a maximum length (body + tail) of 166 cm (5.5 ft) and averages about 120 cm (4 ft).
  • Food in Zoo: Rats and poultry Chicks
  • Sexual Maturity: 2 to 3 years.
  • Incubation Period: more than six months..
  • Average Life Span: 15 years
  • Conservation Status: Least Concern” by IUCN RedList,
  • CITES: Appendix – I
  • Reason: are road kill mortality and humans killing it out of fear due to their venom potency and aggression when they encounter humans. They are also killed for their skin and meat.

  • English Name: Sand Boa
  • Common Name: Sand Boa
  • Scientific Name: Erycinae.
  • Distribution:Erycines are found in India, Sri Lanka, southwestern Canada, the western United States, and northwestern Mexico, also in southeastern Europe, Asia Minor, north, central, west and east Africa, Arabia, central and southwestern Asia.
  • General Description :
    Erycinae is a subfamily of stout-bodied snakes, all of which are competent burrowers. They have small eyes and hard, small scales to protect their skin from the grit of sand. A great deal of sexual dimorphism exists, with females generally becoming much larger than males.
    Erycines have skeletal adaptations to burrowing. The skull is more compact than in the subfamily Boinae. Also, the vertebrae of the tail are increased in size but reduced in number
  • Size: Male sand boas only reach about 15 to 18 inches in average).
  • Weight: about 70-100 grams in weight,
  • Food in Zoo: Rats and poultry Chicks.
  • Sexual Maturity: 2 to 3 years.
  • Incubation Period: 4 months.
  • Average Life Span: up to 15 years.
  • Conservation Status: Non-Extinct.

  • English Name: Monitor Lizard
  • Common Name:Monitor Lizard
  • Scientific Name: Varanus.
  • Distribution:The various species cover a vast area, occurring through the Indian subcontinent, to China, the Ryukyu Islands in southern Japan, south to Southeast Asia to Thailand, Brunei, Indonesia, the Philippines, New Guinea, Australia, and islands of the Indian Ocean, and the South China Sea.
  • General Description :
    Monitor lizard has forked tongue and strong jaws filled with small, but sharp teeth. It has long neck, powerful body, sturdy legs equipped with sharp claws and very long tail. Monitor lizard is a carnivore. Its diet is based on the eggs, fish, reptiles, birds and small mammals.
  • Size: 2.6 m.
  • Weight:about 79-91 kg.
  • Food in Zoo: Buffalo beef and chicken meat.
  • Sexual Maturity: 2.5 to 3 years
  • Incubation Period: 4 to 8 months
  • Average Life Span: up to 22 years.
  • Conservation Status: According to IUCN Red List of threatened species.

  • English Name: Water Monitor Lizard
  • Common Name:Water Monitor Lizard
  • Scientific Name: Varanus salvator.
  • Distribution:The Asian water monitor is widely distributed from India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Myanmar and Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, the Chinese Guangxi and Hainan provinces, Malaysia, Singapore to the Sunda islands Sumatra, Java, Bali, Borneo and Sulawesi.
  • General Description :
    They are the world’s second-heaviest lizard, after the Komodo dragon.[13] Their bodies are muscular, with long, powerful, laterally compressed tails. The scales in this species are keeled; scales found on top of the head have been noted to be larger than those located on the back. Water monitors are often defined by their dark brown or blackish coloration with yellow spots found on their underside- these yellow markings have a tendency to disappear gradually with age. This species is also denoted by the blackish band with yellow edges extending back from each eye. These monitors have very long necks and an elongated snout. They use their powerful jaws, serrated teeth and sharp claws for both predation and defence.
  • Size: Adults rarely exceed 1.5–2 m (4.9–6.6 ft) in length.
  • Weight: about 19.5 kg(43 lb).
  • Food in Zoo: Fish, Chicken meat.
  • Sexual Maturity: 2.5 to 3 years.
  • Incubation Period: 10 months.
  • Average Life Span: up to 22 years.
  • Conservation Status: though listed as Least Concern by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) RedList,

  • English Name: Indian krait
  • Common Name: Indian krait
  • Scientific Name: Bungarus fasciatus.
  • Distribution:The banded krait occurs in the whole of the Indo-Chinese sub region, the Malay Peninsula and Indonesian archipelago, and southern China.
  • General Description :
    The banded krait is easily identified by its alternate black and yellow cross bands, its triangular body cross section, and the marked vertebral ridge consisting of enlarged vertebral shields along its body. The head is broad and depressed. The eyes are black. It has arrowhead-like yellow markings on its otherwise black head and has yellow lips, lures, chin, and throat.
  • Size: The longest banded krait measured was 2.25 m (7 ft 5 in) long, but normally the length encountered is 1.8 m (5 ft 11 in).
  • Food in Zoo: Snakes
  • Sexual Maturity: 3 years.
  • Incubation Period: 4 months.
  • Average Life Span: up to 13.7 years
  • Conservation Status: though listed as Least Concern

  • English Name: Cobra Spectacled
  • Common Name:Cobra Spectacled
  • Scientific Name: Naja naja.
  • Distribution:found, in India,: it may or may not occur in the state of Assam, some parts of Kashmir, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, and Bhutan,
  • General Description :
    The Indian cobra is a moderately sized, heavy bodied species. This cobra species can easily be identified by its relatively large and quite impressive hood, which it expands when threatened. This species has a head which is elliptical, depressed, and very slightly distinct from the neck. The snout is short and rounded with large nostrils. The eyes are medium in size and the pupils are round.
  • Size: Usually grows up to 5.5 feet.
  • Weight: about 6 kg (13 lb).
  • Food in Zoo: Rats and poultry Chicks.
  • Sexual Maturity: 5 to 6 years.
  • Incubation Period: 55 to 73 days.
  • Average Life Span: up to 23.9 years.
  • Conservation Status: The International Union for the Conservation of Nature’s latest “Red List of Threatened Species.

  • English Name: Karait
  • Common Name:Karait
  • Scientific Name: Bungarus caeruleus.
  • Distribution:This species is found in main Peninsular India from Sindh (Pakistan), to the West Bengal plains and also in Dharmanagar, Tripura. It occurs throughout South India and Sri Lanka at elevations up to about 1600 m. It is also recorded from Afghanistan, Bangladesh, and Nepal.
  • General Description :
    The body is cylindrical, tapering towards the tail. The tail is short and rounded. The eyes are rather small, with rounded pupils, indistinguishable in life. The head shields are normal, with no loreals; four shields occur along the margin of the lower lip; the third and fourth supraoculars touch the eye. The scales are highly polished, in 15-17 rows; the vertebral row is distinctly enlarged and hexagonal. Colouration is generally black or bluish black, with about 40 thin, white crossbars which may be indistinct or absent interiorly.
  • Size: The average length is 0.9 m (3.0 ft), but they can grow to 1.75 m (5 ft 9 in).
  • Weight: 600 to 1800 gm.
  • Food in Zoo: Snakes
  • Sexual Maturity: 1.5 to 2.5 years.
  • Incubation Period: 4 months.
  • Average Life Span: up to 13.7 years.
  • Conservation Status: The Common Krait has not yet been assessed for the IUCN Red List.

  • English Name: Trinket Snake
  • Common Name:Trinket Snake
  • Scientific Name: Trimeresurus albolabris.
  • Distribution:widely across east and southeast Asia
  • General Description :
    Head scalation consists of 10-11(12) upper labials, the first partially or completely fused to the nasal. Head scales small, subequal, feebly imbricate, smooth or weakly keeled. The supraoculars are narrow (occasionally enlarged and undivided) with 8-12 interocular scales between them. Temporal scales smooth.Midbody has 29 (rarely 19) longitudinal dorsal scale rows. The ventral scales are 155–166 in males, 152–176 in females. The subcaudals are paired, 60–72 in males, 49–66 in females. The hemipenes are without spines.
    Color pattern: green above, the side of the head below the eyes is yellow, white or pale green, much lighter than rest of head. The belly is green, yellowish or white below. A light ventrolateral stripe is present in all males, but absent in females. The end of tail is not mottled brown
  • Size:Maximum total length males 600 mm (24 in), females 810 mm (32 in); maximum tail length males 120 mm (4.7 in), females 130 mm (5.1 in).
  • Food in Zoo: Rats and poultry Chicks.
  • Sexual Maturity: Males attain sexual maturity at about 410 mm snout-vent length (SVL). Females reach sexual maturity at about 460 mm SVL, but only begin reproducing at about 520 mm SVL.
  • Incubation Period: ………….
  • Average Life Span: 12 to 18 years.
  • Conservation Status: Least Concern.