Bird Species

  • English Name: Indian peafowls
  • Common Name:Indian peafowls
  • Scientific Name: Pavo cristatus
  • Distribution:In India: – but roam all throughout South Asia, Pakistan, Bhutan, Nepal and Sri Lanka. Peafowl also have been brought to Singapore, Australia, New Zealand, Florida and the Bahamas and do well there.(Myanmar)
  • General Description :
    Indian peafowls (Pavo cristatus) are diurnal birds native to India and a few neighboring nations. “Peafowls” refers to both male and female within the species, while “peacock” refers to just the males. The males stand out because of their vibrant plumage.
    Indian peacocks and peahens are generally forest inhabitants. Once peafowl settle on a place to live, they typically don’t stray far. They’re drawn to airy forests. They prefer sites close to reliable water access, often riverbanks. Peafowls in southern India are especially fond of forests along creeks. Peafowls are also prevalent in areas that have fruit crops, which they frequently eat. They largely favor being away from human activity and disturbance.
  • Size: Male: 100 – 120 cm ,Female: 95 cm (Adult)
  • Weight: Male: 4 – 6 kg (Adult), Female: 2.8 – 4 kg (Adult).
  • Food in Zoo:Poultry Feed, Bird Mesh,Onion, Garlic,Paddy, Chopped Spinach
  • Sexual Maturity: 2 -3 years.
  • Incubation Period: 28 to 30 Days.
  • Average Life Span: Average life span 10 to 25 years.
  • Conservation Status: The IUCN lists the Green Peafowl as vulnerable to extinction due to hunting and a reduction in extent and quality of habitat.

  • English Name: White peafowls
  • Common Name:White peafowls
  • Scientific Name: Pavo cristatus.
  • Distribution:While it is believed that White Peafowls do occur naturally, they are not common in the wild. It is possible that there are White Peafowl living in the wild in the natural range of India Blue Peafowl – across India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka.
  • General Description :
    Simply majestic, dazzling, and unique. This type of peafowls offers white feathering throughout with elegant, lacy tail feathers. A regal addition to any property, a white peafowls will certainly be the topic of conversation.
    White peafowl are a color variety of the India Blue Peacock. They are considered leucistic, a condition that affects the birds’ feathers and turns them pale or white. Leucism differs from albinism in that this variety of peafowl has blue tinted eyes and lacks normal pigmentation, rather than no pigmentation in the eyes or feathers.
  • Size: Males are larger in length; measuring three to four and a half feet long, Peahen’s are two and a half to three and a half feet long.
  • Weight: Male weigh nine to thirteen pounds, Female weigh six to nine pounds
  • Food in Zoo: Poultry Feed, Bird Mesh, Onion, Garlic, Paddy, Chopped spinach.
  • Sexual Maturity: 2 -3 years
  • Incubation Period: 28 Days
  • Average Life Span: Average life span 10 to 25 years.(In wild)
  • Conservation Status: The IUCN lists the White Peafowl as vulnerable to extinction due to hunting and a reduction in extent and quality of habitat.

  • English Name: Hill Mynah
  • Common Name:Hill Mynah
  • Scientific Name: Gracula religiosa.
  • Distribution:It is a member of the starling family (Sturnidae), resident in hill regions of South Asia and Southeast Asia. The Sri Lanka hill myna, a former subspecies of G. religiosa, is now generally accepted as a separate species G. indica) from the Nilgiris and elsewhere in the Western Ghats of India as a separate species.
    Himalayan foothills up to about 2500 ft., also occur through Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh, and the lower Himalayas.
  • General Description :
    The common hill myna, sometimes spelled “mynah” and formerly simply known as the hill myna or myna bird, is the myna most commonly seen in aviculture, where it is often simply referred to by the latter two names. It is a member of the starling family, resident in hill regions of South Asia and Southeast Asia.
  • Size: Males are larger in length; measuring three to four and a half feet long, Peahen’s are two and a half to three and a half feet long..
  • Weight: 5-9.5 oz
  • Food in Zoo: Ripe Banana, Papaya, Chana Sattu.
  • Sexual Maturity: 1 years.
  • Incubation Period: 17-18 Days.
  • Average Life Span: average life span 10 to 25 years.
  • Conservation Status: Least Concern.

  • English Name: Grey Pelican
  • Common Name: Grey Pelican
  • Scientific Name: Pelecanus philippensis.
  • Distribution:The spot-billed pelican (Pelecanus philippensis) or grey pelican, is a member of the pelican family. It breeds in southern Asia from southern Pakistan across India east to Indonesia
  • General Description :
    Light Pelican Grey. Light Pelican Grey is a pale, warm, mauve gray with a magenta undertone. It is a perfect paint color for a serene and soothing room. Pair it with darker gray tones.
  • Weight: 4.1 kg – 5.7 kg. .
  • Food in Zoo: Small Fish
  • Sexual Maturity: 3 years.
  • Incubation Period: 29 to 35 days
  • Average Life Span: 10 to 25 years.
  • Conservation Status: Near Threatened

  • English Name: Love Birds
  • Common Name:Love Birds
  • Scientific Name: Agapornis.
  • Distribution:These birds live across Africa, and one species lives in Madagascar. The range of each bird is different, and some species live across larger areas, while others live in a restricted location.
    The populations of some species do overlap with those of other species on occasion. Some of the different regions of Africa that they live in include Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia, Botswana, South Africa, Namibia, Ethiopia, and more.
  • General Description :
    Each species of these birds is slightly different in appearance, but their shapes and sizes are similar. They are small parrots, with rounded heads and relatively large beaks.
    All of the different species are green, though some have orange, yellow, gray, black, or red on their heads and necks. Most Lovebirds are five or six inches long, and weigh about two ounces.
  • Size: Lovebirds are 13 to 17 cm (5 to 7 in) in length, up to 24 cm in wingspan with 9 cm for a single wing .
  • Weight: 40 to 60 g (1 1⁄2 to 2 oz) in weight.
  • Food in Zoo: Bird Mesh, Chopped Spinach
  • Sexual Maturity: 1 years.
  • Incubation Period: 21 to 23 days.
  • Average Life Span: 12.6 years
  • Conservation Status: Near Threatened

  • English Name: Black Kite
  • Common Name:Black Kite
  • Scientific Name: Graculareligiosa.
  • Distribution:The species is found in Europe, Asia, Africa and Australia.
  • General Description :
    Unlike others of the group, black kites are opportunistic hunters and are more likely to scavenge. They spend much time soaring and gliding in thermals in search of food. Their angled wing and distinctive forked tail make them easy to identify.
  • Size: : Length 48–58 cm (19–23 in), wingspan 130–155 cm (51–60 in).
  • Weight: 560–940 g (22–38 oz).
  • Food in Zoo:Chicken Meat
  • Sexual Maturity: 2 – 3 years.
  • Incubation Period: 30 – 34 Days.
  • Average Life Span: average life span 22 years
  • Conservation Status: Least Concern

  • English Name: Eagle
  • Common Name:Eagle
  • Scientific Name: Aquila pennata.
  • Distribution:Australia: wedge-tailed eagle (range extends into southern New Guinea), white-bellied sea-eagle (range extends into Asia), little eagle.
    New Guinea: Papuan eagle, white-bellied sea-eagle, pygmy eagle
  • General Description :
    Like all birds of prey, eagles have very large, hooked beaks for ripping flesh from their prey, strong, muscular legs, and powerful talons. The beak is typically heavier than that of most other birds of prey. Eagles’ eyes are extremely powerful. It is estimated that the martial eagle, whose eye is more than twice as long as a human eye, has a visual acuity 3.0 to 3.6 times that of humans. This acuity enables eagles to spot potential prey from a very long distance.This keen eyesight is primarily attributed to their extremely large pupils which ensure minimal diffraction (scattering) of the incoming light. The female of all known species of eagles is larger than the male.
  • Weight: 3 kg – 6.3 kg.
  • Food in Zoo:Chicken Meat
  • Sexual Maturity: 4 – 5 years.
  • Incubation Period: 35 Days.
  • Average Life Span: average life span 20 years.
  • Conservation Status: Least Concern

  • English Name: Grass Owl
  • Common Name:Grass Owl
  • Scientific Name: Tytolongimembris.
  • Distribution:Eastern grass owls live in eastern, southern and southeast Asia, parts of New Guinea, Australia (mainly in Queensland) and the western Pacific. It has also been found in the coastal islands
  • General Description :
    They have dark brown or tan upper parts with pale spots. They have black and tan bars on its wings and a very pale beak, feathered legs, and dark brown eyes. Like all Tyto owls, it has a heart-shaped facial disk with brown buff and a white bordering.
  • Size: Adult males measure from 32 to 38 cm (13 to 15 in) in length, while the larger females can measure from 35 to 42 cm (14 to 17 in).
  • Weight: The female weighs 460 g (16 oz) while the male weighs 400 g (14 oz).
  • Food in Zoo:Chicken Meat
  • Sexual Maturity: 1 years
  • Incubation Period: 35 Days
  • Average Life Span: average life span 20 years
  • Conservation Status: Least Concern

  • English Name:Eurasian Owl
  • Common Name:Eurasian Owl
  • Scientific Name: Bubo bubo.
  • Distribution:Eurasian Eagle-owls are found throughout much of Europe and Asia and in parts of northern Africa
  • General Description :
    Owls are birds from the order Strigiform, which includes about 200 species of mostly solitary and nocturnal birds of prey typified by an upright stance, a large, broad head, binocular vision, binaural hearing, sharp talons, and feathers adapted for silent flight.
  • Size: 56 to 75 cm (22 to 30 in)
  • Weight: Females can weigh from 1.75 to 4.6 kg (3.9 to 10.1 lb) and males can weigh from 1.22 to 3.2 kg (2.7 to 7.1 lb).
  • Food in Zoo: Chicken Meat, day old Chicks
  • Sexual Maturity: 2 – 3 years.
  • Incubation Period: 34 Days.
  • Average Life Span: average life span 20 years.
  • Conservation Status: Least Concern

  • English Name: Emu
  • Common Name:Emu
  • Scientific Name: Bubo bubo.
  • Distribution:In India-Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh.
  • General Description :
    Emus are soft-feathered, brown, flightless birds with long necks and legs, and can reach up to 1.9 metres (6.2 ft) in height. Emus can travel great distances, and when necessary can sprint at 50 km/h (31 mph); they forage for a variety of plants and insects, but have been known to go for weeks without eating. They drink infrequently, but take in copious amounts of water when the opportunity arises.
  • Size: 1.8 metre.
  • Weight: 18 and 60 kg (40 and 132 lb),
  • Food in Zoo: Poultry Feed, Chopped Spinach, Apple, Onion, Ripe Banana, Papaya
  • Sexual Maturity: 2 – 3 years.
  • Incubation Period: 56 Days.
  • Average Life Span:average life span 10 years.
  • Conservation Status: Least Concern

  • English Name: Golden Pheasant
  • Common Name:Golden Pheasant
  • Scientific Name: Chrysolophus pictus.
  • Distribution:: It is native to forests in mountainous areas of western China, but feral populations have been established in the United Kingdom, Canada, the United States, Mexico, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, the Falkland Islands, Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands, France, Ireland, Australia and New Zealand.
  • General Description :
    The golden pheasant is commonly found in zoos and aviaries, but often as hybrid specimens that have the similar Lady Amherst’s pheasant in their lineage.
    Males have a golden-yellow crest with a hint of red at the tip. The face, throat, chin, and the sides of neck are rusty tan. The wattles and orbital skin are both yellow in colour, and the ruff or cape is light orange. The upper back is green and the rest of the back and rump is golden-yellow.
    The female (hen) is much less showy, with a duller mottled brown plumage similar to that of the female common pheasant. She is darker and more slender than the hen of that species, with a proportionately shorter tail (half her 60–80 cm (24–31 in) length). The female’s breast and sides are barred buff and blackish brown, and the abdomen is plain buff. She has a buff face and throat.
    Both males and females have yellow legs and yellow bills.
  • Size: The adult male is 90–105 cm (35–41 in) in length, female shorter tail (half her 60–80 cm (24–31 in) length)..
  • Weight: 1.2 lb.
  • Food in Zoo: Poultry Feed, Pube Grains, Paddy, Garlic, Chopped Spinach
  • Sexual Maturity: Male 2 years, female 1 year.
  • Incubation Period: 22 to 23 days.
  • Average Life Span: 5 – 6 years,15 – 20 years under human care
  • Conservation Status: Golden Pheasants are classed as ‘Least Concern’ by the IUCN.

  • English Name:Parakeets
  • Common Name:Parakeets
  • Scientific Name: Melopsittacus undulatus
  • Distribution:species are naturally distributed in India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar, South China, northcentral Africa and Afghanistan. (Myanmar)
  • General Description :
    A parakeet is any one of many small to medium-sized species of parrot, in multiple genera, that generally have long tail feathers. They include Alexandrine, Rose-ringed, Plum-headed, Red-breasted, Malabar, Himalayan and Finsch’s Parakeets and Vernal Hanging-parrot. As per TRAFFIC India, the Alexandrine Parakeet is one of the most sought-after species in the Indian live bird trade.
  • Size: 18 cms in length, 30 cms in wingspan.
  • Weight: 30 – 40 grams
  • Food in Zoo:………….
  • Sexual Maturity: 1 year.
  • Incubation Period: 17 to 20 days.
  • Average Life Span: 10 – 15 years
  • Conservation Status: Parakeets are classed as ‘Least Concern’ by the IUCN.

  • English Name: Red avadavat
  • Common Name: Red avadavat
  • Scientific Name: Amandava amandava.
  • Distribution:The nominate subspecies is found in Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Nepal and Pakistan
  • General Description :
    This small finch is easily identified by the rounded black tail and the bill that is seasonally red. The rump is red and the breeding male is red on most of the upper parts except for a black eye-stripe, lower belly and wings. There are white spots on the red body and wing feathers. The non-breeding male is duller but has the red-rump while the female is duller with less of the white spotting on the feathers.
  • Size: 3.6-4″ (9-10 cm).
  • Weight: 7-7.5 grams.
  • Food in Zoo: Seeds/ Paddy, Pulse, Grains, Chopped Spinach
  • Sexual Maturity: 8 months
  • Incubation Period: 12 to 14 days.
  • Average Life Span: 8 to 17 years.(In wild)
  • Conservation Status: Lalmunia are classed as ‘Least Concern’ by the IUCN.

  • English Name: Indian Robin
  • Common Name:Indian Robin
  • Scientific Name: Copsychus fulicatus[.
  • Distribution:It is widespread in the Indian subcontinent and ranges across Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka
  • General Description :
    It is a sprightly black bird with white patch on the wing and rusty red under root of cocked tail. Its hen is ashy brown without the wing-patch. It can be seen in pairs in dry open lightly wooded country.
  • Size: These birds are 12-14 cm long.
  • Weight: weigh 16-17 g.
  • Food in Zoo: ………………
  • Sexual Maturity:……..
  • Incubation Period: 12 to 14 days.
  • Average Life Span: Of those that survive their first year, most wild robins live to be about 5 or 6 years.(In wild)
  • Conservation Status:Least Concern.

  • English Name: Koel
  • Common Name:Koel
  • Scientific Name: Eudynamysscolopaceus.
  • Distribution:In India- It is a mainly resident breeder in tropical southern Asia from Pakistan, India, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka to southern China and the Greater Sundas
  • General Description :
    The Asian koel (Eudynamysscolopaceus) is a member of the cuckoo order of birds, the Cuculiformes. It is found in the Indian Subcontinent, China, and Southeast Asia. … The Asian koel like many of its related cuckoo kin is a brood parasite that lays its eggs in the nests of crows and other hosts, who raise its young.
  • Size: 39–46 cm (15–18 in) .
  • Weight: 190–327 g (6.7–11.5 oz).
  • Food in Zoo:Ripe Banana, Chana Sattu, Papaya, Paddy
  • Sexual Maturity: ………..
  • Incubation Period: 12 to 14 days.
  • Average Life Span: average life span 12 to 15 years.
  • Conservation Status: Asian koel is a beautiful bird and classified as Least Concern (LC) by the IUCN.

  • English Name: Cockatiel
  • Common Name:Cockatiel
  • Scientific Name:Nymphicus hollandicus.
  • Distribution:Cockatiels are native to Australia
  • General Description :
    The tiger is the biggest carnivorous animal of cat family. It can walk upto 20 km. during night. It is a good swimmer by birth. It’s main food is big mammals like wild boar, deer etc. A male tiger has a territory of about 30 – 35 sq. km. area in which 3 – 6 tigresses live and it prevents intrusion of other male tigers into its territory. Every tiger has unique black stripes on its skin.
  • Size: 30 to 33 cm (12 to 13 in).
  • Weight: 78 to 125 grams.
  • Food in Zoo: ………….
  • Sexual Maturity: around 8 to 12 months.
  • Incubation Period: 18 days.
  • Average Life Span: 10 to 14 years
  • Conservation Status: ‘Least Concern’

  • English Name:Budgeriger
  • Common Name:Budgeriger
  • Scientific Name: Melopsittacus undulatus.
  • Distribution:It is found wild throughout the drier parts of Australia,
  • General Description :
    The budgerigar is a long-tailed, seed-eating parrot usually nicknamed the budgie, or in American English, the parakeet. Budgies are the only species in the genus Melopsittacus. Naturally, the species is green and yellow with black, scalloped markings on the nape, back, and wings.
  • Size: 18 cm (Adult, In the wild).
  • Weight: 30 – 40 g (Adult, In the wild).
  • Food in Zoo:.
  • Sexual Maturity: 10 months.
  • Incubation Period:21 Days.
  • Average Life Span: 5 – 10 years (In captivity)
  • Conservation Status: Least Concern.

  • English Name:Ruddy shelduck
  • Common Name:Ruddy shelduck
  • Scientific Name: Tadorna ferruginea
  • Distribution:It breeds in high altitude lakes and swamps in Jammu and Kashmir.
  • General Description :
    It has orange-brown body plumage with a paler head, while the tail and the flight feathers in the wings are black, contrasting with the white wing-coverts. The ruddy shelduck mostly inhabits inland water-bodies such as lakes, reservoirs and rivers. Both upper and lower wing-coverts are white, this feature being particularly noticeable in flight but hardly visible when the bird is at rest. The bill is black and the legs are dark grey. The female is similar but has a rather pale, whitish head and neck and lacks the black collar, and in both sexes, the colouring is variable and fades as the feathers age.The male and female form a lasting pair bond and the nest may be well away from water, in a crevice or hole in a cliff, tree or similar site.
  • Size: 58 to 70 cm (23 to 28 in) in length with a wingspan of 110 to 135 cm (43 to 53 in).
  • Weight: 1.5 to 3 kg.
  • Food in Zoo: .
  • Sexual Maturity: 7 month.
  • Incubation Period: 28 days.
  • Average Life Span: 20 years.(In wild)
  • Conservation Status: Least Concern

  • English Name: Grey francolin
  • Common Name:Titar
  • Scientific Name: Francolinus pondicerianus.
  • Distribution:The distribution is south of the foothills of the Himalayas westwards to the Indus Valley and eastwards to Bengal. It is also found in north-western Sri Lanka.
  • General Description :
    The grey francolin (Francolinus pondicerianus) is a species of francolin found in the plains and drier parts of the Indian subcontinent. This species was formerly also called the grey partridge, not to be confused with the European grey partridge. The term titar can also refer to other partridges and quails.Gray Francolins has buff-coloured spear-shaped streaks, irregular mottles and bars of reddish brown and black above. Grey francolin is barred throughout and the face is pale with a thin black border to the pale throat.
  • Size: males averaging 11.6–13.4 in (29–34 cm) and females averaging 10.2–11.9 in (26–30 cm).
  • Weight: The males weigh 9–12 oz (260–340 g) whereas the weight of the females is 7–11 oz (200–310 g).
  • Food in Zoo: Pulse grains, Poultry Feed, Paddy, Chopped Spinach.
  • Sexual Maturity: 3 – 4 years.
  • Incubation Period: 18 to 19 days.
  • Average Life Span: 8 yrs.(In wild)
  • Conservation Status: Least Concern

  • English Name: Adjutant stork
  • Common Name:Adjutant Stork
  • Scientific Name: Leptoptilos dubius.
  • Distribution: Nepal’s Terai region, India, Sri-Lanka, Burma and Malaysia
  • General Description :
    The lesser adjutant is a large wading bird in the stork family Ciconiidae. Like other members of its genus, it has a bare neck and head. It is however more closely associated with wetland habitats where it is solitary and is less likely to scavenge than the related greater adjutant.
  • Size: Height up to 4 ft Wingspan up to 8ft.
  • Weight:5 to 6 kg
  • Food in Zoo: Fish, chicken.
  • Sexual Maturity: 1460 Days
  • Incubation Period: 35 days.
  • Average Life Span: 30 – 40 years
  • Conservation Status: Vulnerable (Population decreasing)

  • English Name: Black francolin
  • Common Name: Black francolin
  • Scientific Name: Francolinus francolinus .
  • Distribution: It is the state bird of Haryana state, India (locally known as Kaala Teetar.
  • General Description :
    The male black francolin is black with white patch on the cheek, a chestnut collar and white spots on the flanks. The back and wings are scalloped with shades of golden brown with sub-terminal tawny-buff bands and pale edges. Tail is black with narrow white or greyish bars. Legs are reddish-brown to red.
  • Size: It has a length range of 33 to 36 cm.
  • Weight: approximate about 453 g (16 oz)
  • Food in Zoo: Pulse grains, Poultry Feed, Paddy, Chopped Spinach.
  • Sexual Maturity: 3 – 4 years.
  • Gestation Period: 19 days.
  • Average Life Span: 7 yrs.(In wild)
  • Conservation Status: Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)

  • English Name: Night Heron
  • Common Name: Night Heron
  • Scientific Name: Nycticorax nycticorax.
  • Distribution:The black-crowned night heron is distributed in Asia, Indian Subcontinent, Africa, Europe and Americas.
  • General Description :
    The black-crowned night heron, or black-capped night heron, commonly shortened to just night heron in Eurasia, is a medium-sized heron found throughout a large part of the world, except in the coldest regions and Australasia.
  • Size: The night herons are medium-sized herons, 58–65 cm,.
  • Weight: Adults are approximately 64 cm (25 in) long and weigh 800 g (28 oz).
  • Food in Zoo: .
  • Sexual Maturity: 3 years.
  • Incubation Period: 24 to 26 days.
  • Average Life Span: 50 yrs or more
  • Conservation Status: Least Concern

  • English Name: Grey Heron
  • Common Name:Grey Heron
  • Scientific Name: Ardea cinerea.
  • Distribution:Presence in India : Grey Heron is mostly found in the State of Haryana in India.
  • General Description :
    The grey heron is a long-legged predatory wading bird of the heron family, Ardeidae, native throughout temperate Europe and Asia and also parts of Africa. It is resident in much of its range, but some populations from the more northern parts migrate southwards in autumn..
  • Size: 84 – 100 cm.
  • Weight: 1 – 2.1 kg.
  • Food in Zoo: .
  • Sexual Maturity: 1 years.
  • Gestation Period: 25 days.
  • Average Life Span: 5 yrs.
  • Conservation Status: Least Concern

  • English Name: Mallard Duck
  • Common Name:Mallard Duck
  • Scientific Name: Anas platyrhynchos.
  • Distribution:Mallard is a dabbling duck that live in wetlands of India. The large freshwater dabbling duck breed in north Kashmir.
  • General Description :
    Male Mallards have a dark, iridescent-green head and bright yellow bill. The gray body is sandwiched between a brown breast and black rear. Females and juveniles are mottled brown with orange-and-brown bills. … Mallards are “dabbling ducks”—they feed in the water by tipping forward and grazing on underwater plants.
  • Size: The mallard is 50–65 cm (20–26 in) long .The wingspan is 81–98 cm (32–39 in) and the bill is 4.4 to 6.1 cm (1.7 to 2.4 in) long.
  • Weight: weighing 0.72–1.58 kg (1.6–3.5 lb).
  • Food in Zoo: .
  • Sexual Maturity: 1year.
  • Incubation Period: 27 to 28 days.
  • Average Life Span: 5 – 10 years (In the wild)
  • Conservation Status: Least Concern

  • English Name:Mandarin Duck
  • Common Name:Mandarin Duck
  • Scientific Name: Aix galericulata.
  • Distribution:East Asia, rare visitor to Indian Subcontinent;
  • General Description :
    This is the latest accepted revision, reviewed on 25 April 2020. The mandarin duck (Aix galericulata) is a perching duck species native to the East Palearctic.
  • Size: 41–49 cm (16–19 in) long with a 65–75 cm (26–30 in) wingspan.
  • Weight: 430 to 690 gm.
  • Food in Zoo: Buffalo meat.
  • Sexual Maturity: 18 to 24 months.
  • Incubation Period: 30 Days.
  • Average Life Span: around 6 to 7 yrs.(In wild)
  • Conservation Status: Least Concern

  • English Name:Horn Bill
  • Common Name:Horn Bill
  • Scientific Name: Bucerotidae.
  • Distribution:Their distribution includes Sub-Saharan Africa and the Indian Subcontinent to the Philippines and the Solomon Islands, but no genus is found in both Africa and Asia. … The most common widespread species in the Indian subcontinent is the Indian grey hornbill.
  • General Description :
    The most distinctive feature of the hornbills is the heavy bill, supported by powerful neck muscles as well as by the fused vertebrae. The large bill assists in fighting, preening, constructing the nest, and catching prey. A feature unique to the hornbills is the casque, a hollow structure that runs along the upper mandible. In some species it is barely perceptible and appears to serve no function beyond reinforcing the bill. In other species it is quite large, is reinforced with bone, and has openings between the hollow centre, allowing it to serve as a resonator for calls.
  • Size: 99.1 g (3.50 oz) and 32 cm (1 ft 1 in) in length.
  • Weight: average weight of 3.77 kg (8.3 lb), and can weigh up to 6.3 kg (14 lb)
  • Food in Zoo: Ripe Banana, Papaya, Apple,Chana Sattu, Sunflower Seed.
  • Sexual Maturity: 5 years.
  • Incubation Period: 38 to 40 Days.
  • Average Life Span: 50 Years
  • Conservation Status:leading the IUCN and Bird Life International to treat it as a species of Least Concern.

  • English Name: Ostrich
  • Common Name:Ostrich
  • Scientific Name: Struthio camelus.
  • Distribution:Today ostriches are only found natively in the wild in Africa, where they occur in a range of open arid and semi-arid habitats such as savannas and the Sahel, both north and south of the equatorial forest zone
  • General Description :
    Resident and locally common. Inhabits all types of forest with dense undergrowth and thickly overgrown steep gullies, usually not far from water. Males are rather variable depending on the subspecies involved, but all have an at least partially glossy bluish-black plumage, while females are overall brownish. Both sexes have a bare red face and greyish legs .
  • Size: 1.7 to 2.0 m (5 ft 7 in to 6 ft 7 in) tall..
  • Weight:63 to 145 kilograms (139–320 lb).
  • Food in Zoo: Poultry feed, Seasonal Fruits, Chopped Spinach, Chopped Cabbage.
  • Sexual Maturity: 2 to 4 years.
  • Incubation Period: 35- 45 Days.
  • Average Life Span: 40 to 45 Years.
  • Conservation Status: leading the IUCN and Bird Life International to treat it as a species of Least Concern.

  • English Name: SILVER PHEASANT
  • Common Name:SILVER PHEASANT
  • Scientific Name: Lophura nucthemera.
  • Distribution:South-western China, eastern Myanmar, southern Vietnam, southwestern Cambodia, southeastern Thailand, northern Laos and the island of Hainan.
  • General Description :
    The male silver pheasant is immediately identifiable by his white back and tail with thin black bars, his red facial wattles, black crest and black underbody. The female is brown with smaller facial wattles and a small black crest. Both males and females have bare, red legs.
  • Size: length of 120 to 125 cm (47 to 49 in), including a tail up to 75 cm (30 in), while the males of the smallest subspecies barely reach 70 cm (28 in) in total length, including a tail around 30 cm (12 in).
    Females of all subspecies are notably smaller than their respective males, with a size range of 55–90 cm (22–35 in) in total length, including a tail of 24–32 cm (9.4–12.6 in)
  • Weight: The body mass of males can range from 1.13–2.00 kg (2.49–4.41 lb).
    The body mass of females can range from 1.0–1.3 kg (2.2–2.9 lb).
  • Food in Zoo: Poultry Feed, Pulse Grain, Paddy, Garlic, Chopped Spinach.
  • Sexual Maturity: 2 years.
  • Incubation Period: 26 to 27 days
  • Average Life Span: 15 to 20 years on average
  • Conservation Status: Least Concern

  • English Name:Black Swan
  • Common Name:Black Swan
  • Scientific Name: Cygnus atratus.
  • Distribution:The black swan is common in the wetlands of southwestern and eastern Australia and adjacent coastal islands. In the south west the range encompasses an area between North West Cape, Cape Leeuwin and Eucla; while in the east it covers a large region bounded by the Atherton Tableland, the Eyre Peninsula and Tasmania, with the Murray Darling Basin supporting very large populations of black swans.
  • General Description :
    Black swans are mostly black-feathered birds, with white flight feathers. The bill is bright red, with a pale bar and tip; and legs and feet are greyish-black. Cobs (males) are slightly larger than pens (females), with a longer and straighter bill. Cygnets (immature birds) are a greyish-brown with pale-edged feathers..
  • Size: measures between 110 and 142 centimetres (43 and 56 in) in length.
  • Weight: 3.7–9 kilograms (8.2–19.8 lb).
  • Food in Zoo: Pulse, Grains,Poultry Feed, Paddy, Chopped Spinach.
  • Sexual Maturity: 2 years.
  • Incubation Period: 30 to 40 days..
  • Average Life Span: 30 to 40 years
  • Conservation Status: Least Concern on the IUCN Red List .

  • English Name: Black Neck Swan
  • Common Name:Black Neck Swan
  • Scientific Name: Cygnus melancoryphus.
  • Distribution:The black-necked swan breeds in Chilean Southern Zone, Patagonia, Tierra del Fuego and on the Falkland Islands. In the austral winter, this species migrates northwards to Paraguay, Bolivia and southern Brazil.
  • General Description :
    – Necked swams have an elevated hind toe, a thin coatof feathers, and pointed wings. The legs are pink, very short and have unusual positioning, making it hard for these swans to walk on land.
  • Size: Adults average 102 to 124 cm (40 to 49 in).
  • Weight: 3.5 to 6.7 kg (7.7 to 14.8 lb).
  • Food in Zoo: Buffalo meat.
  • Sexual Maturity: 2 years.
  • Incubation Period: 34 to 37 days.
  • Average Life Span: 20 to 30 years.
  • Conservation Status: Least Concern on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

  • English Name: Red Lory
  • Common Name:Red Lory
  • Scientific Name: Eos bornea.
  • Distribution:The red lory in particular is endemic to the Moluccas and surrounding islands in Indonesia
  • General Description :
    The red lory (Eos bornea) is a species of parrot in the family Psittaculidae. It is the second most commonly kept lory in captivity, after the rainbow lorikeet. It is mostly red and the plumage of the upper body is all red. There are red, blue, and black marks on the back and wings, and the tail is reddish-brown with blue under-tail coverts. The beak is orange and the legs are grey.
    The male and female have identical external appearance
  • Size: about 31 cm in length.
  • Weight: 30 – 300 grams.
  • Food in Zoo:Fruits(Mango, Papaya, Banana), Paddy, Chopped Spinach .
  • Sexual Maturity: 18 – 24 months.
  • Incubation Period: 28 – 32 days.
  • Average Life Span: 20 to 30 years.
  • Conservation Status: least concern

  • English Name: Weaver Bird
  • Common Name:Weaver Bird
  • Scientific Name: Ploceus.
  • Distribution:The vast majority of Weaver species live in Africa, though a few species also live in Asia. In Africa, they range from the southern edge of the Sahara Desert to the southern tip of the continent. Many species inhabit the tropical regions of Africa, though they live throughout the continent.
    Each species has its own distribution. Some species live across a wide expanse, while others live only in a small region.
  • General Description :
    Weavers vary drastically in color, shape, and size, and within the family, researchers recognize over a hundred different species! Many species are small, stout, and finch-like, but each is different from the next.
    Their plumage, or feathers, comes in a wide range of colors, including white, black, red, yellow, brown, tan, orange, and everything in between. Some have solid colorations with just a single color, while others feature mottled plumage, or different colors on different parts of their bodies.
  • Size: about 15 cm in length.
  • Weight: 28 grams.
  • Food in Zoo: Paddy, Pulse, Grains.
  • Sexual Maturity: 4 to 6 months.
  • Incubation Period: 14 – 17 days.
  • Average Life Span: about 5 years
  • Conservation Status: not extinct

  • English Name: Zebra Sparrow
  • Common Name:Zebra Sparrow
  • Scientific Name:Taeniopygia guttata.
  • Distribution:Zebra Finches are the most common and widespread of Australia’s grassfinches, found across the Australian mainland, with the exception of Cape York Peninsula and some coastal areas. They are also found in Timor and the Lesser Sunda Islands.
  • General Description :
    General Description:Zebra Finches are mainly grey, with characteristic black ‘tear drop’ eye stripes and ‘zebra like’ black and white barring on the rump and upper tail. … The male is distinguished from the female by its chestnut cheek patches, a character that gave the species the alternative name of Chestnut-eared Finch.
  • Size: about 15 to 17 cm (5.9 to 6.7 in) in length.
  • Weight: 25 grams.(Adult)
  • Food in Zoo:Paddy, Pulse, Grains, Chopped Spinach
  • Sexual Maturity: 4 months.
  • Incubation Period: 12 – 15 days.
  • Average Life Span: 2- 5 years.
  • Conservation Status:Least Concern

  • English Name: Java Sparrow
  • Common Name:Java Sparrow
  • Scientific Name: Lonchuraoryzivora.
  • Distribution:As the name implies, the Java finch is native to the Indonesian islands, including Java, Bali, and Bawean. They can also be found in Sri Lanka, Hawaii, Jamaica, and Puerto Rico.
  • General Description :
    The Java sparrow (Lonchuraoryzivora),also known as Java finch, Java rice sparrow or Java rice bird, is a small passerine bird. This estrildid finch is a resident breeding bird in Java, Bali and Bawean in Indonesia. It is a popular cage bird, and has been introduced into many other countries.
  • Size: about 15 to 17 cm (5.9 to 6.7 in) in length.
  • Weight: 25 grams.(Adult).
  • Food in Zoo: Paddy, Pulse, Grains, Chopped Spinach
  • Sexual Maturity: 1 – 4 years.
  • Incubation Period: 12 – 15 days.
  • Average Life Span: 2 to 3 years
  • Conservation Status: Threatened species
  • Reason: as they are sought after for their distinctive song, according to TRAFFIC:

  • English Name: Quail
  • Common Name:Quail
  • Scientific Name: Galliformes.
  • Distribution:It is also found in some parts of the north eastern regions of India like Sikkim, Bihar and parts of Assam. The Japanese quail is found in East Asia. Being migratory in nature, the wild Japanese quail is available in Manchuria, south-eastern Siberia, northern Japan, and the Korean Peninsula.
  • General Description :
    The Quail, also called “bater” in Hindi, is a small type of bird known as backyard chicken. However, only two species of quail are popular in India; the black-breasted jungle or rain quail found in jungle and the brown-coloured Japanese quail which is bred for meat or used for commercial purposes.
  • Size: It measures roughly 18.0–21.9 cm (7.1–8.62 in).
  • Weight: 91–131 g (3.2–4.62 oz).
  • Food in Zoo:Pulse, Grains, Poultry Feeds, Paddy, Chopped Spinach
  • Sexual Maturity: 10-30 weeks.
  • Incubation Period: 17-18 days.
  • Average Life Span: 2 – 3 years.
  • Conservation Status: categorized by the IUCN as “least concern”.

  • English Name: KALIJ PHEASANT
  • Common Name:KALIJ PHEASANT
  • Scientific Name: Lophuraleucomelanos.
  • Distribution:In India – in the northwestern, western , central and eastern Himalayas (Jammu and Kashmir , Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh and northern West Bengal )usually 2,700m and in the hills of northeast India (Assam, Meghalaya, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland &Tripura).
  • General Description :
    Resident and locally common. Inhabits all types of forest with dense undergrowth and thickly overgrown steep gullies, usually not far from water. Males are rather variable depending on the subspecies involved, but all have an at least partially glossy bluish-black plumage, while females are overall brownish. Both sexes have a bare red face and greyish legs .
  • Size: ranging in length from 15 to 75 centimetres (5.9 to 29.5 in).
  • Weight: ………
  • Food in Zoo:Poultry Feeds, Paddy, Pulse, Grains,Galic , Spinach
  • Sexual Maturity:9 to 12 months.
  • Incubation Period:24-25 Days.
  • Average Life Span: 10-15 Years.
  • Conservation Status: Threatened

  • English Name: Dove
  • Common Name: Dove
  • Scientific Name: Columbidae.
  • Distribution: Indian subcontinent, parts of West Asia, Central Asia and parts of Southeast Asia.This species had a large natural distribution from Britain and Ireland to northern Africa, across Europe, Arabia, Central Asia, India, the Himalayas and up into China and Mongolia
  • General Description :
    Doves are small, stocky birds belonging to the pigeon family and are known for their low, soft cooing. Some, like the mourning dove are native to the United States, whereas others, such as the white-winged dove, were introduced by human settlers. Each species of dove has its own unique characteristics, but collectively they share several traits in regard to appearance, mating and feeding behavior.
  • Size: ranging in length from 15 to 75 centimetres (5.9 to 29.5 in).
  • Weight: 30 g (0.066 lb) to above 2,000 g .
  • Food in Zoo: Bird Mesh, Chopped Spinach, Several Fruits
  • Sexual Maturity: 12-15 days.
  • Incubation Period: 14 days.
  • Average Life Span: If these birds survive their first year they can live on average 4 – 5 years in the wild.
  • Conservation Status: All of the species are threatened
  • Reason:by introduced predators, habitat loss, hunting, or a combination of these factors.